Turkish Statistical Institute published the national education statistics for 2022.
Accordingly, while the ratio of associate, undergraduate, graduate and doctorate graduates aged 25 and over in the total population aged 25 and over was 9.8 percent in 2008, it was 23.9 percent last year. While the rate of those who graduated from primary school and higher education levels in the mentioned age group was 81.1 percent in 2008, it was calculated as 92.5 percent in 2022.
While the average education period of the population aged 25 and over was 7.3 years in 2011, it increased by 26 percent to 9.2 years in 2022. The average education period for 2022 was recorded as 8.5 years for women and 10 years for men.
The “gender ratio”, which expresses the ratio of women’s average education time to men’s average education time, was 0.78 in 2011, increasing every year and reached 0.84 in 2022.
Ankara, the province with the highest average education period
The province with the highest average education period of the population aged 25 and over in 2022 was Ankara with 10.6 years. This province was followed by İstanbul, Eskişehir, Kocaeli and İzmir, respectively. The province with the lowest average education period was determined as Ağrı with 7.2 years. The province in question was followed by Şanlıurfa, Van, Muş and Kastamonu.
The first 5 provinces where the average education period of the population aged 25 and over showed the highest increase in 2011-2022 are Şırnak with 65.1%, Hakkari with 53.9 percent, Bingöl with 51.9 percent, Muş with 48.1 percent and 46 percent. It is ranked as Van with ,5. The first 5 provinces with the lowest increase were Ankara with 18.2 percent, Tekirdağ with 20.5 percent, Eskişehir with 20.8 percent, Istanbul with 21.5 percent and Yalova with 21.6 percent.
While the literacy rate in the population aged 6 and over was 91.8 percent in 2008, it increased to 97.6 percent in 2022. In 2008-2022, the literacy rate for women increased from 86.9 percent to 95.9 percent, and from 96.7 percent to 99.3 percent for men.
The province with the highest literacy rate in 2022 was Antalya with 99 percent. This province was followed by Çanakkale, İzmir, Muğla and Denizli. The province with the lowest rate in question was Mardin with 93.6 percent, followed by Şanlıurfa, Siirt, Ağrı and Iğdır, respectively.
The highest literacy rate among women is in Antalya and Çanakkale.
The top five provinces in which the literacy rate increased the most in 2008-2022 were Şırnak, Hakkari, Van, Siirt and Muş. The first five provinces with the lowest increase were listed as Eskişehir, Ankara, Yalova, Istanbul and Bilecik.
The provinces with the highest female literacy rate were Antalya and Çanakkale with 98.4 percent, followed by İzmir, Denizli and Muğla. The province with the lowest rate was determined as Mardin with 89 percent. This province was followed by Şanlıurfa, Ağrı, Siirt and Iğdır. In males, it was determined that the literacy rate did not show a significant difference between provinces in Turkey.
Average training time indicator introduced for the first time
The National Education Statistics Database (UEİVT) was created in 2008 by combining the education information obtained from individuals and the information obtained from administrative records during the Address Based Population Registration System (ADNKS) studies. By using UEİVT, the education status of citizens aged 6 and over in ABPRS was calculated according to their place of residence, gender and age.
The “average years of education” indicator of international importance was presented for the first time as an official statistics for the years 2011-2022. Average duration of education represents the average of the education period received by the population aged 25 and over. Average years of education are used in studies such as the Human Development Index, Gender Development Index and Multidimensional Poverty Index calculated by the United Nations Development Programme.