Central exam practice was held in 81 provinces of Turkey on 4 June. Special precautions were taken in Adana, Adıyaman, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kahramanmaraş, Kilis, Malatya, Osmaniye and Şanlıurfa, which are the provinces where a state of emergency was declared due to the earthquake, allowing the students here to take the exam in the provinces and districts of their choice.
No changes were made in the sessions, exam times, number of questions and course distributions in the central exam. However, as of the end of the first semester of the 2022-2023 academic year, questions were included in the central exam according to the subjects and achievements that were completed.
According to the summary report prepared by the Ministry, 83 thousand 247 halls in 947 exam centers were used during the application process of the exam. Approximately 380 thousand teachers took part in the exam, which was held in two sessions, numerical and verbal. Of the 1 million 246 thousand 465 students who applied, 1 million 30 thousand 195 took the exam. The rate of participation in the exam was 82.65 percent, close to the previous year.
562 students who participated in the exam answered all questions correctly and received 500 full points.
The net average in tests increased compared to last year. A preference robot was prepared by the Ministry in order to make healthy choices, since it is expected to accumulate in the upper slices due to the higher net worth of the students in the exam. It was recommended to pay attention to the percentiles by using the preference robot while making the preferences.
The distribution of the number of correct answers in each subtest and the statistics of the distribution were used to evaluate the exam performance of the students.
Among the subtests with 20 questions, the highest average was found in the Turkish subtest with 9,99. The mean of the science subtest was 9.01 and the mean of the mathematics subtest was 5.95.
Among the subtests with 10 questions, the subtest with the highest average number of correct answers was religious culture and moral knowledge with a net score of 6.29.
This was followed by the Turkish Revolution History and Kemalism (6.06) and foreign language (4.91) subtests, respectively.
Student rates in the range of 400-500 points increased compared to last year
In this year’s exam, the average of correct answers in the mathematics and Turkish subtests was higher than last year. This difference has led to an increase in student rates in the range of 400-500 points compared to the previous year.
The qualities of the questions used in the central exam were examined by considering the item difficulty index and the distinctiveness index. The results obtained showed that the mean difficulty was between 0.30 and 0.63; showed that the mean discrimination ranged between 0.49 and 0.75. Reliability coefficients in terms of calculated internal consistency took values between 0.77 and 0.92.
Girls outperformed boys
Similar to the findings of LGS central exams and international assessment studies conducted in previous years, it was observed that female students performed higher than male students.
Among the subtests with 20 questions, the subtest with the greatest difference between male and female students was Turkish. In this test, while the average of female students was 10.72, the average of male students was 9.26. In the subtests with 10 questions, it was noted that the subtest with the greatest difference was religious culture and moral knowledge. In this test, while the average of female students was 6.66, the average of male students was 5.91.
The central exam within the scope of LGS has been implemented since 2018. The transfer of students to secondary education institutions through LGS is carried out through two types of placements, with and without examination.
The central examination is used in the transition to schools that accept students by examination and is applied to measure the academic success of students in 6 different areas.